Category Archives: Focus (VEN)

Finding the proper balance between generations

E.Baudon

Étienne Baudon • Action contre la Faim

It seemed fitting to us to give voice to a young employee of an NGO when we developed the theme of “generational changes”. It is an effective way to get to know and better understand how members of the younger generation have come to characterise humanitarian aid, and to identify the points they share and do not share with their elders – and to reflect on what the all generations can create together. Read the article

From enchantment to questioning: the changing face of humanitarian commitment

É. Gazeau

Éric Gazeau • Directeur général de Résonances Humanitaires

Founded in 2002 to assist former international aid workers with their social and professional reintegration, Résonances Humanitaires has become a valuable observatory over the years. In this article, its co-founder, Eric Gazeau, shares his vision and analysis of the changing profiles of successive generations of humanitarian personnel and the evolution in their humanitarian commitments. Read the article

Should the “new young humanitarians” hack the system?

A. Houmaï-Romy

V. Taillandier

Amélia Houmaïri-Romy Chercheuse indépendante en management organisationnel et stratégique

Vincent Taillandier Facilitateur, consultant et enseignant, co-fondateur de la SCIC Les Maisons de l’Intelligence Collective

Even though it does not have the weight of a full investigation, let alone a sociological study, the survey conducted by Amélia Houmaï-Romy and Vincent Taillandier nonetheless provides much food for thought. Appearing to embrace the aspirations of their elders whilst having a clear awareness of the humanitarian sector’s pitfalls, the “new young humanitarians” may hold the keys to change, as long as they are not made to bear responsibility for it. To overcome this dichotomy, the authors put forward the idea of an intergenerational alliance. Read the article

Integration, inclusion, induction: how Médecins Sans Frontièreswelcomes new generations

W. Empson


C. Pétriat


S. Manfredi

William Empson, Cécile Pétriat et Stefano Manfredi • Médecins Sans Frontières Suisse

As an organisation with a strong history and an iconic image, Médecins Sans Frontièreshas thought about the integration of new generations coming on board. Taking a practical, trial-and-error approach, dogmatic conscious that young people need to find their place, MSF has implemented various processes to encourage their integration and evolve without renouncing its principles of action. Read the article

Training future generations of international aid professionals: challenges and discussion topics

S. Tchiombiano

Stéphanie Tchiombiano Coresponsable du master « Développement et aide humanitaire » (Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne)

France is by no means lacking in training for young people looking to pursue humanitarian causes. As head of one of the most prestigious Master’s degrees on the subject, Stéphanie Tchiombiano wonders how we can best satisfy the needs of the aid sector and the career aspirations of students. Read the article

World demographic prospects: between certainties and uncertainties

G. Pison

Gilles Pison • Chercheur associé à l’Institut national d’études démographiques (Ined), rédacteur en chef de la revue Population et Sociétés

To open this “Focus”, Gilles Pison offers us an overall vision based on past developments to help us to better understand those to come. While the world’s population should continue to rise to reach 8 billion by 2023, its growth rate is decreasing. It should continue to regress until the world’s population virtually stabilises at some 11 billion people within a century. One major demographic change expected is Africa’s exploding population, which could quadruple to reach more than 4 billion in 2100. Read the article

Demographics in the service of Universal Health Coverage: examples in West Africa

V. Ridde

E. Bonnet

K. Kadio

S. Louart

M. de Allegri

 

Valéry Ridde • Population and Development Centre (CEPED)
Emmanuel Bonnet • Unité Mixte Internationale Résiliences
Kadidiatou Kadio • Institute for Health Science Research (IRSS, Burkina Faso)
Sarah Louart • University of Lille (France)
Manuela De Allegri • Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (Germany)

Health interventions typically favour pregnant women and children under 5 years of age. A prism that does not take into account other ever-growing vulnerable populations: the indigents and the elderly. The authors demonstrate here how the proper use of tools and demographic data would provide more relevant targeting.
Read the article

Demographic transition in the Mediterranean: between rising risks and the necessary adaptations of humanitarian practices

E. Matteudi

Emmanuel Matteudi • Professeur des universités, Université Aix-Marseille

The Mediterranean is at the centre of the humanitarian attention as a place of deadly migrations, practically a cemetery whose ignominy is constantly denounced by NGOs. But it is also the cradle of a civilisation and of populations which, on its shores, will have to face the stakes of the demographic transition. Read the article

Cameroon: reception areas for displaced people, between socio-demographic reconfiguration and managing Persons with Specific Needs

J. Lémouogué

E. J. Fofiri Nzossie

J. L. Kahou Nzouyem

Joséphine Lémouogué • Enseignante-chercheure à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

Éric Joël Fofiri Nzossie • Enseignant à l’université de Ngaoundéré (Cameroun)

Jasmine Laurelle Kahou Nzouyem • Doctorante à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

This article builds on the results of two studies: one carried out in the Far North region on the demographics of the people displaced by the Boko Haram crisis, and the other carried out in the East region on care for Persons with Specific Needs (PWSN) displaced by the crisis in the Central African Republic. It explains how a sound grasp of demographic data can help to improve our understanding of humanitarian challenges and provide guidance for informed decision making. Read the article

Anticipating uncertainty, preparing for the unknown: humanitarian actors in the face of issues linked to climate change

G. Devars


J. Fouilland


F. Grünewald


T.-B. Nguyen


J. Mayans

Guillaume Devars, Julien Fouilland, François Grünewald, Thuy-Binh Nguyen et Julie Mayans • Réseau pour la prévention des risques de catastrophes (REPR)

This first article provides an overview of the issues facing humanitarian workers and points out the ambiguities that persist. Insufficient and non-binding normative frameworks do not prevent actors who, themselves, generate a significant environmental impact, from setting up their own anticipatory tools. Read the article