Category Archives: Focus (VEN)

Anticipating uncertainty, preparing for the unknown: humanitarian actors in the face of issues linked to climate change

G. Devars

J. Fouilland

F. Grünewald

T.-B. Nguyen

J. Mayans

Guillaume Devars, Julien Fouilland, François Grünewald, Thuy-Binh Nguyen et Julie Mayans • Réseau pour la prévention des risques de catastrophes (REPR)

This first article provides an overview of the issues facing humanitarian workers and points out the ambiguities that persist. Insufficient and non-binding normative frameworks do not prevent actors who, themselves, generate a significant environmental impact, from setting up their own anticipatory tools. Read the article

For the climate, end the distinction between humanitarian aid and development aid

R. Khan

M. Elvinger

W. Lebedel

Runa Khan, Marc Elvinger et William Lebedel • Friendship

Can the consequences of climate change on vulnerable populations contribute to rethinking the structure of aid? Drawing on the example of Bangladesh and an innovative partnership with Luxembourg development cooperation, three directors of the NGO Friendship argue just that. Read the article

From carbon offsetting to climate solidarity

M.-N. Reboulet

Marie-Noëlle Reboulet • GERES

The story of GERES is interesting in many ways. This association of scientists, created to promote solar energy, became a development NGO and then got involved in carbon finance before joining the popular movements. We look back on a trajectory that could cross that of humanitarians. Read the article

Choices at the time of the climate emergency

B. Jochum

F. Delfosse

M. Guevara

L. L. Tremblay

C. Devine

Bruno Jochum, François Delfosse, Maria Guevara, Léo L.Tremblay, Carol Devine • Médecins Sans Frontières

Knowing about the discussions in progress at Médecins Sans Frontières, as well as the actions it intends to implement to adapt to climate change, provides precious insight. Though they speak in their own names, the five authors – from the Swiss and Canadian sections – say a lot about the ongoing debates within the movement, about the actions taken and about the possibilities for procrastination. Lessons that apply to the entire humanitarian community. Read the article

How to take care of humankind at +2°C?

A. Sala

Audrey Sala • Revue Alternatives Humanitaires

On 15 and 16 April 2019, on the 100th anniversary of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the French Red Cross held a conference entitled “Health and Climate Change: taking care of humankind at +2°C”. This “first humanitarian COP” aimed to take stock of the main challenges posed by climate change in terms of health and on the humanitarian sector. The conference, which brought together participants from the academic and humanitarian fields, was organised into fifteen debates and workshops. Our editorial team was in attendance and provides here a non-exhaustive summary. Read the article

The difficult legal consideration of climate migrants

A. Claire

J. Élie

Arjun Claire and Jérôme Élie • Independent experts

Arjun Claire and Jérôme Élie invite us to the arcane debates that led to the adoption of the two Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees. If these texts express a “watered down” view of climate issues, it is partly because of fears expressed by some States that the international definition of refugees might be expanded. Nevertheless, they open the way to more extensive protection. Read the article

Humanitarianism at the heart of tomorrow’s urban challenges

Emmanuel Matteudi  • Professeur des universités en urbanisme, Université Aix-Marseille

E. Matteudi

The urban clinical picture is disquieting, but not hopeless. Emmanuel Matteudi, in his analysis of the world’s urban explosion, appropriately reminds us that humanitarianism, lying at the heart of the challenges facing tomorrow’s cities, will not be able to act alone.
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A development NGO faced with a major emergency in an urban environment

Renaud Colombier • Responsable de programmes développement urbain et habitat au Gret (ex-Groupe de recherche et d’échanges technologiques)

R. Colombier

Before being struck by an unforgettable earthquake, Port-au-Prince was a city. For this very reason it suffered so many deaths, injuries and devastations. The experience of GRET (former Group for Research and Technology Exchanges), as recounted here by Renaud Colombier, provides food for thought about the links that must be forged between development and emergency humanitarian aid actors. Read the article

A virtuous circle of collaboration for an efficient urban humanitarian response: Kampala

Louise Thaller  • Senior Programme Officer at IMPACT Initiatives

Innocent Silver  • Project Coordinator at the Kampala Capital City Authority

L. Thallier

I. Silver

As the country in Africa that receives the greatest number of refugees, Uganda has an open and inclusive migratory policy. The authorities of the capital, Kampala, have put in place an innovative and comprehensive project for the management of the needs of migrants and of the host population. The project, which brings together local and national authorities, international NGOs and local associations, benefited from the support of the think-tank IMPACT Initiatives. Read the article

The “Officials of 40 Street” in N’Djamena: a phenomenon outside the humanitarian field

Emmanuel Bossennec  • Coordinateur du Pôle formation à l’association La Voûte nubienne

E. Bossennec

The capital of Chad is experiencing a phenomenon which is common to many other African cities. These young people who “come to the city”, being neither refugees nor displaced persons, pass under the radar of humanitarian workers and politicians alike. They nevertheless represent a situation which ought to concern them both. Read the article