Category Archives: Focus (VEN)

World demographic prospects: between certainties and uncertainties

G. Pison

Gilles Pison • Chercheur associé à l’Institut national d’études démographiques (Ined), rédacteur en chef de la revue Population et Sociétés

To open this “Focus”, Gilles Pison offers us an overall vision based on past developments to help us to better understand those to come. While the world’s population should continue to rise to reach 8 billion by 2023, its growth rate is decreasing. It should continue to regress until the world’s population virtually stabilises at some 11 billion people within a century. One major demographic change expected is Africa’s exploding population, which could quadruple to reach more than 4 billion in 2100. Read the article

Demographics in the service of Universal Health Coverage: examples in West Africa

V. Ridde

E. Bonnet

K. Kadio

S. Louart

M. de Allegri


Valéry Ridde • Population and Development Centre (CEPED)
Emmanuel Bonnet • Unité Mixte Internationale Résiliences
Kadidiatou Kadio • Institute for Health Science Research (IRSS, Burkina Faso)
Sarah Louart • University of Lille (France)
Manuela De Allegri • Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (Germany)

Health interventions typically favour pregnant women and children under 5 years of age. A prism that does not take into account other ever-growing vulnerable populations: the indigents and the elderly. The authors demonstrate here how the proper use of tools and demographic data would provide more relevant targeting.
Read the article

Demographic transition in the Mediterranean: between rising risks and the necessary adaptations of humanitarian practices

E. Matteudi

Emmanuel Matteudi • Professeur des universités, Université Aix-Marseille

The Mediterranean is at the centre of the humanitarian attention as a place of deadly migrations, practically a cemetery whose ignominy is constantly denounced by NGOs. But it is also the cradle of a civilisation and of populations which, on its shores, will have to face the stakes of the demographic transition. Read the article

Cameroon: reception areas for displaced people, between socio-demographic reconfiguration and managing Persons with Specific Needs

J. Lémouogué

E. J. Fofiri Nzossie

J. L. Kahou Nzouyem

Joséphine Lémouogué • Enseignante-chercheure à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

Éric Joël Fofiri Nzossie • Enseignant à l’université de Ngaoundéré (Cameroun)

Jasmine Laurelle Kahou Nzouyem • Doctorante à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

This article builds on the results of two studies: one carried out in the Far North region on the demographics of the people displaced by the Boko Haram crisis, and the other carried out in the East region on care for Persons with Specific Needs (PWSN) displaced by the crisis in the Central African Republic. It explains how a sound grasp of demographic data can help to improve our understanding of humanitarian challenges and provide guidance for informed decision making. Read the article

Anticipating uncertainty, preparing for the unknown: humanitarian actors in the face of issues linked to climate change

G. Devars

J. Fouilland

F. Grünewald

T.-B. Nguyen

J. Mayans

Guillaume Devars, Julien Fouilland, François Grünewald, Thuy-Binh Nguyen et Julie Mayans • Réseau pour la prévention des risques de catastrophes (REPR)

This first article provides an overview of the issues facing humanitarian workers and points out the ambiguities that persist. Insufficient and non-binding normative frameworks do not prevent actors who, themselves, generate a significant environmental impact, from setting up their own anticipatory tools. Read the article

For the climate, end the distinction between humanitarian aid and development aid

R. Khan

M. Elvinger

W. Lebedel

Runa Khan, Marc Elvinger et William Lebedel • Friendship

Can the consequences of climate change on vulnerable populations contribute to rethinking the structure of aid? Drawing on the example of Bangladesh and an innovative partnership with Luxembourg development cooperation, three directors of the NGO Friendship argue just that. Read the article

From carbon offsetting to climate solidarity

M.-N. Reboulet

Marie-Noëlle Reboulet • GERES

The story of GERES is interesting in many ways. This association of scientists, created to promote solar energy, became a development NGO and then got involved in carbon finance before joining the popular movements. We look back on a trajectory that could cross that of humanitarians. Read the article

Choices at the time of the climate emergency

B. Jochum

F. Delfosse

M. Guevara

L. L. Tremblay

C. Devine

Bruno Jochum, François Delfosse, Maria Guevara, Léo L.Tremblay, Carol Devine • Médecins Sans Frontières

Knowing about the discussions in progress at Médecins Sans Frontières, as well as the actions it intends to implement to adapt to climate change, provides precious insight. Though they speak in their own names, the five authors – from the Swiss and Canadian sections – say a lot about the ongoing debates within the movement, about the actions taken and about the possibilities for procrastination. Lessons that apply to the entire humanitarian community. Read the article

How to take care of humankind at +2°C?

A. Sala

Audrey Sala • Revue Alternatives Humanitaires

On 15 and 16 April 2019, on the 100th anniversary of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the French Red Cross held a conference entitled “Health and Climate Change: taking care of humankind at +2°C”. This “first humanitarian COP” aimed to take stock of the main challenges posed by climate change in terms of health and on the humanitarian sector. The conference, which brought together participants from the academic and humanitarian fields, was organised into fifteen debates and workshops. Our editorial team was in attendance and provides here a non-exhaustive summary. Read the article

The difficult legal consideration of climate migrants

A. Claire

J. Élie

Arjun Claire and Jérôme Élie • Independent experts

Arjun Claire and Jérôme Élie invite us to the arcane debates that led to the adoption of the two Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees. If these texts express a “watered down” view of climate issues, it is partly because of fears expressed by some States that the international definition of refugees might be expanded. Nevertheless, they open the way to more extensive protection. Read the article