Xavier PLAISANCIE is a doctor. His thesis, carried out with the support of Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape, members of Research-Centre MSF-Crash, was focused on “HIV representations and their impacts on care. A survey within the male population of Homa Bay in Kenya”. We publish this interview in the context of World AIDS Day.
Interview conducted in November 2018, by Humanitarian Alternatives.
Patrice Paoli is the director of the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs Crisis Centre. While the French State reaffirms its desire to involve companies and foundations in humanitarian action, it was essential to know more about this approach. For Patrice Paoli, it is based on pragmatism, collective action and the effective synergy of the means of each actor. NGOs now must position themselves according to this roadmap.
Interview by Virginie Troit, Executive Director of the French Red-Cross Foundation, and Benoît Miribel, co-founder of the Humanitarian Alternatives review (January 2018).
A reworked transcript of the interview given by Patrice Paoli is available on the seventh issue of the review available here.
Former United Nations Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Jan Egeland is Secretary General of the NGO Norwegian Refugee Council. Last January, he gave us an interview during which he reviewed the current major humanitarian issues.
Interview by Antonio Donini, visiting fellow at the Feinstein International Center of the Tufts University and research associate at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva and Jean-Baptiste Richardier, co-founder of
the Humanitarian Alternatives review (January 2018).
A reworked transcript of the interview given by Jan Egeland is available on the seventh issue of the review available here.
Rony Brauman is the former President of MSF and Director of Studies at MSF-Crash. We interviewed him on the occasion of the publication of his new book “Humanitarian Wars: lies and intox” [published in French “Guerres humanitaires: mensonges et intox”]. This book has been awarded the 2018 Albert Thibaudet prize by the Centre Thycydide, rewarding French-language authors of recent works on international relations.
Interview conducted in July 2018, by Boris Martin, editor-in-chief at Humanitarian Alternatives.
Jérôme Larché is an intensive care intern working for over 30 years in the humanitarian field. His assignment with the NGO, Médecins du Monde, landed him in the midst of numerous conflicts, natural disasters, and dangerous situations, where violence and corruption were his daily lot. As a researcher associated with the Foundation for Strategic Research and the Canadian Research Institute on Humanitarian Crisis and Aid (OCCAH), Jérôme Larché expounded his thoughts in a book, with a clear-cut title immediately attracting our attention at Humanitarian Alternatives. We went to meet him.
Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings. Médecins Sans Frontières, the Rwandan Experience (1982−97) by Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape Manchester University Press, 2017
As sociologist, Marc Le Pape has conducted research in Algeria, Côte d’Ivoire, and Central Africa. His recent work focuses on the conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa. He has co-edited several books like Côte d’Ivoire, l’année terrible 1999-2000 (with Claudine Vidal, Karthala, 2003), Crises extrêmes (with Johanna Siméant and Claudine Vidal, La Découverte, 2006), and with Médecins Sans Frontières, Une guerre contre les civils. Réflexions sur les pratiques humanitaires au Congo-Brazzaville, 1998-2000 (with Pierre Salignon, Karthala, 2001). Marc Le Pape was a researcher at the CNRS, and is currently an associate researcher at the Ehess (Centre for African Studies). He has just published, with Jean-Hervé Bradol of Crash (Centre of reflection on humanitarian action and knowledge) a book reflecting on the genocide of the Tutsis in Rwanda, drawing from the archives of Médecins Sans Frontières.
Jonathan Littell was born in 1967 in New York. Brought up in France, he entered humanitarian aid in 1993 and spent seven years on the field with Action against Hunger, mainly in Bosnia, Chechnya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Afghanistan. His novel Les Bienveillantes (The Kindly Ones) published in 2006, was awarded the same year the French Goncourt literary prize, since followed by several essays and reports in areas of conflict. Wrong Elements, a documentary released in April 2017, the subject of which is child soldiers, is his first movie. During his fieldwork in the 1990s, Jonathan Littell met Benoît Miribel, whose questions he has now kindly accepted to answer here. He also shares with us his personal thoughts on the special behaviour patterns of children who have fallen into the grips of an Ugandan mystical rebellion, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
Stephen O’Brien • Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations unies pour les Affaires humanitaires et Coordinateur de l’aide d’urgence (BCAH)
What has been going on in Syria for the past six years is probably unprecedented since the Second World War. But this paroxystic conflict, which captures the attention of the entire international community – but without triggering funds and actions – should not make us forget the massive humanitarian crises that are scattered around the planet. This is what Stephen O’Brien tells us during an exclusive interview he gave to the chief editor of Humanitarian Alternatives. An opportunity, also, to know a little more about the reform of the UN since the arrival of Antònio Guterres at its head.