Category Archives: non classé

Call for papers for Humanitarian Alternatives eighth issue

In view of the publication of its 8th issue, to be released in July 2018, Humanitarian Alternatives is calling for papers under its next focus theme “The rise of new technologies: utility, misuses and meaning”. If you are an actor, a researcher or an observer of the international humanitarian community and wish to submit a proposal for an article, please send us a summary and the outline of the paper (2 pages maximum) before March 5th at the following address: contact@alternatives-humanitaires.org. We will respond within 15 days following the reception of your proposal. Read the article

Coming soon the 6th issue “NGOs and the private sector: threat or opportunity?”

We are pleased to announce the publication of our next issue:

“NGOs and the private sector: threat or opportunity”

Discover below the presentation of the Focus and the summary of the next issue.

Publication dates:
November, 20 – Online
November, 27 – Printed edition

Presentation

For several years, the humanitarian ecosystem has been undergoing a transition. Alongside  traditional actors, the United Nations and NGOs in particular, the private sector (ie companies and company foundations) made a notable entry into the humanitarian field, either in the form of field actions or funding. More broadly, new practices (direct remittance of cash to populations, assistance delivered via lucrative networks [credit cards, mobile phones, drones, etc.] and, beyond that, managerial logics inspired by the business world [certification, evaluation, human resources management, “professionalisation”]) undoubtedly transform the aid sector.

Some see a risk of confusion when others commend a welcome extension of the actions in support of vulnerable populations, with NGOs now able to count on new partners with skills, technical means and funding that are beginning to cruelly lack.

In any case, this transformation generates many discussions and oppositions, sometimes symptomatic of a clash of cultures between companies and NGOs. And we will certainly not get out of it by falling back, as is too often the case today, on an opposition. Isn’t there a middle way between disparaging and the defence of a territory that belongs to no one?

The time has come for all of us to acknowledge this evolution. The aim of this issue is to present a global report on the situation and set the terms of a dialogue between companies and NGOs: is profit/not-for-profit still a relevant frontier? Should we impose limits on companies? What advocacy speech can NGOs carry? Which authority could be the guardian of a shared ethic? In the end, the question is how this addition of private initiatives (because NGOs are also private structures) can serve the general interest, that of suffering populations.

Summary

  • Editorial

Businesses and NGOs: the maturity of the debate – Boris Martin

  • Perspectives

Humanitarian aid in Palestine: reconsidering neutrality through child protection –  Joan Deas & Elise Reslinger

  • Focus : NGOS and the private sector: threat or opportunity? 

Are NGOs the sole purveyors of honourable intentions? – Mathieu Dufour

Reconciliating economics and social concerns: the example of arcenciel in Lebanon – Kristel Guyon

When NGOs and lucrative organisations collaborate: the economic integration of refugees in Ecuador – Lucie Laplace

Partnerships with private operators: the necessary debate among NGOs – Anne-Aël Pohu

  • Transitions

From resilience to localisation, or how slogans are not enough for an in-depth reform of the humanitarian sector – Perrine Laissus-Benoist & Benoît Lallau 

  • Innovations

New challenges in the context of violent urban settings – Oscar Felipe Chavez Aguirre

  • Reportage

Humanitarian Visa d’Or of the ICRC. 2011-2017 : seven years of reflection

  • Culture

Totally Brax
Books: A philosophical investigation and the “Plight of Hospitality” – Lessons from the past to better manage the future

 

To order the printed edition of the next issue

click here

Call for papers for Humanitarian Alternatives sixth issue

In the perspective of the publication of Humanitarian Alternatives sixth issue, in November 2017, the review is launching a call for papers on its Focus theme “Businesses and NGOs: alliance or defiance, threat or opportunity?” If you are an actor, a researcher or an observer of the international humanitarian community, and wish to submit a proposal for an article, please send us a summary and the outline of the paper (2 pages maximum) before July 17, 2017 to the following email: contact@alternatives-humanitaires.org. We will respond within 7 days following the receipt of your proposal.

The final deadline for submitting the article will be September 25, 2017. Please observe that the article must be around 15 000 signs (approximately 2,400 words).

Humanitarian Alternatives
N°6 – November 2017
« Focus » Theme
Businesses and NGOs: alliance or defiance, threat or opportunity?

For several years, the humanitarian ecosystem has been undergoing a transition. Alongside  traditional actors, the United Nations and NGOs in particular, the private sector (ie companies and company foundations) made a notable entry into the humanitarian field, either in the form of field actions or funding. More broadly, new practices (direct remittance of cash to populations, assistance delivered via lucrative networks [credit cards, mobile phones, drones, etc.] and, beyond that, managerial logics inspired by the business world [certification, evaluation, human resources management, “professionalisation”]) undoubtedly transform the aid sector.

Some see a risk of confusion when others commend a welcome extension of the actions in support of vulnerable populations, with NGOs now able to count on new partners with skills, technical means and funding that are beginning to cruelly lack.

In any case, this transformation generates many discussions and oppositions, sometimes symptomatic of a clash of cultures between companies and NGOs. And we will certainly not get out of it by falling back, as is too often the case today, on an opposition. Isn’t there a middle way between disparaging and the defence of a territory that belongs to no one?

The time has come for all of us to acknowledge this evolution. The aim of this issue is to present a global report on the situation and set the terms of a dialogue between companies and NGOs: is profit/not-for-profit still a relevant frontier? Should we impose limits on companies? What advocacy speech can NGOs carry? Which authority could be the guardian of a shared ethic? In the end, the question is how this addition of private initiatives (because NGOs are also private structures) can serve the general interest, that of suffering populations.

Coming soon the 5th issue “Africa: between shadow and light”

We are pleased to announce the publication of our next issue: “Africa: between shadow and light”

It will be available online by July 5th and in the printed version from July 10th.

Presentation of the 5th issue

Like humanity, it is in Africa where, in a way, the modern humanitarian aid was born. In 1968, almost 50 years ago, the embryo of MSF took shape in the reduced Biafra, challenging the ICRC’s hegemony. Above all, by pointing the spotlight on Africa, NGOs and the media unveiled what would almost become the “humanitarian continent” with its many famines and wars also nourishing a victim iconography. It is undoubtedly there when afro-pessimism was born. However, the continent recovered, facing immense challenges (such as the recent Ebola crisis), displaying an encouraging economic growth and exporting its various talents. A wave of afro-optimism then rose. But have we gone too far, too fast, in this pathway? By preferring the idea of ​​an afro-realism, this dossier proposes, without pretending to be exhaustive, to measure the scope of the perils that the continent will have to face, as much as the means it has to confront it. In other words, if the evils of Africa remain, have the humanitarian aid and the way of practicing changed?

Preview our next summary

  • Editorial

The challenges of humanitarian transition in Africa – Virginie Troit and Jean-François Mattei

  • Perspectives

Humanitarian aid as a deterrent in Greece – Arjun Claire

Sheltering, hosting or receiving refugees: the unresolved ambiguities of the La Linière refugee camp  – Franck Esnée and Michaël Neuman

  • Focus : Africa: between shadow and light

Sub-Saharan Africa: worrying clouds on the horizon – Serge Michailof
 
Senegal: The difficulty for NGOs to gain independence from the State – Sadio Ba Gning et Kelly Poulet

The impact of international proceedings for bypassing the State: the example of Madagascar – Christiane Rafidinarivo

  • Ethics

The ethics of care versus humanitarian exceptionalism – Arnaud Dandoy

  • Reportage

Afghan Stories : Waiting for Hope – Sandra Calligaro

  • Culture

Totally Brax

Film : Interview with Jonathan Littell – “Barbarity is well shared : no religion exerts a monopoly over it”

Books : Chronicle of a genocide – Development aid in 350 words – In times of remote-control war – Is humanitarianism on the decline? – A guide to fight against health inequalities

 

Barbara Hendricks’ speech at the European Parliament

March 21st 2017

On the 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, Barbara Hendricks, singer and Honorary Ambassador for life of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, makes a moving appeal for unity and mobilization for the promotion and defence of human rights before the European Parliament.

A strong and direct speech which remind each of us of our duty to act as “members of the family of Humanity” in order to face the humanitarian crisis we are currently experiencing and questions European citizens about the fraternal future we must build.

“From darkness to light
From injustice to justice
From war to peace
From fear to love
The stakes have never been higher.
We do not have the right to fail,
Not only for our children but for all of the children of the world.
Failure is simply unacceptable. “

A speech that allows to “vibrate with the same string” which last words are a tribute to refugee children, combining the worlds of a Somali refugee with the lyrics of Ella Fitzgerald (Summertime) and Motherless child composed in the United States before the abolition of slavery.

The entire speech is available here (Minute 06:00).

To go further: Also read Barbara Hendricks’ Tribune on the situation in Greece facing the massive arrivals of migrants: Barbara Hendricks, “Greece is an example of solidarity for Europe!”, Humanitarian Alternatives, n° 3, November 2016, p. 188-190, http://alternatives-humanitaires.org/en/2016/11/23/greece-is-an-example-of-solidarity-for- europe/

Convergences World Forum – 2016

 

On September 7th 2016, in the context of the 9th Convergences World Forum, (www.convergences.org), Humanitarian Alternatives co-organized its first public debate "In the face of constrained migration, Humanitarian action, as a substitute to political failure?"

Led by Boris Martin, Editor in Chief of the review, the conference brought together a panel of French NGO leaders, the representative in France of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the President of the French Foundation Centre, all committed to defend migrants’ rights.

Bernard Kouchner, former Minister of Foreign and European Affairs (2007-2010) and co-founder of Doctors Without Borders and Médecins du Monde, agreed to be the Great Witness, stating that the important thing was to "fight against this extraordinary wave of racism, nationalism and catastrophism. This is why politicians - because they are afraid of the FN [NDLR: Front National – Far-right wing French political party], for the upcoming elections - built this suspicion, or in any case, didn’t participated in the welcoming and of elementary generosity movement for those coming to our country, and they weren’t that many.” Furthermore he added that if “the State has to give money and resources […] it is to the proximity, the human and the familial solidarity we must call upon.”

To watch the integral recording of this debate please click here