Category Archives: Summary

Summary – Issue N°14

  Boris Martin Humanitarian aid hit by Covid-19 p. 1
  Jean-François Mattei Changes in our environment and epidemics are linked to human activity p. 8
Focus : Covid-19 : Impacts dans le champ humanitaire
  Jean Freney Understanding the history, dynamics and workings of epidemics

p. 18
  Stéphanie Maltais Learning the hard way: how the Ebola virus experience can help Guinea deal with Covid-19 p. 38
  François Grünewald What the Covid-19 crisis tells us about our ability to learn p. 48
  Chloé Cébron, Shelley-Rose Hyppolite Nadja Pollaert The central role of community health in the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic: the experience of Médecins du Monde Canada p. 60
  Miriam Kasztura Françoise Duroch Tough choices: moral challenges experienced by aid workers during the Covid-19 pandemic p. 71
  Michiel Hofman Responding to Covid-19 in conflicts: difficult but necessary p. 84
  Yannick Jaffré, Fatoumata Hane, Hélène Kane A test of dignity: an anthropological analysis of Covid-19 responses in West Africa p. 96
  Karl Blanchet The Covid-19 pandemic: a double burden in humanitarian crises p. 114
  Norah Niland An unhealthy combination: War, Covid-19 and the politics of metaphor p. 126
  Anna Khakee Why Covid-19 should not be considered as solely a humanitarian emergency p. 137
  Martin Vielajus et Jean-Martial Bonis-Charancle Aid localisation: current state of the debate and potential impacts of the Covid-19 crisis

p. 150

  Alain Caillé, Bertrand Livinec Neoliberalism: are we past the peak of the epidemic? p. 164
  Brax Covid-19: Lockdown for NGO’s p. 173
  Books Humanitarian statistics // Images of exile // The Humanitarian “Corticated” p. 174
    A tribute to Olivier Mouzay p. 185

Summary – Issue N°13

  Boris Martin Sophie Zaccaria The impact of generational change on humanitarian aid p. 1
  Diane Alalouf-Hall

François Audet

Haiti: understanding
 the underwhelming appraisal of the international humanitarian efforts p. 6
Focus : Generations: Break point or fresh start?
  Étienne Baudon Finding the proper balance between generations p. 16
  Éric Gazeau From enchantment to questioning: the changing face of humanitarian commitment p. 25
  Amélia Houmaïri-Romy

Vincent Taillandier

Should the “new young humanitarians” hack the system? p. 35
  William Empson, Cécile Pétriat Stefano Manfredi Integration, inclusion, induction: how Médecins Sans Frontières welcomes new generations p. 47
  Stéphanie Tchiombiano Training future generations of international aid professionals: challenges and discussion topics p. 59
  Karine Meaux, Haryanti Sunarta, Chaerul Umam Patrick Verbruggen Lessons in localisation: the Fondation de France’s experiences in Nepal and in Indonesia p. 72
  Valéry Ridde, Solange Dabiré, Christian Dagenais Use of research by NGOs: a call for reflection and action p. 86
  Amador Gomez, Pascal Revault, Pawankumar Patil Operational research and malnutrition: state of knowledge and food for thought p. 102

  Fabrice Weissman Should Médecins Sans Frontières join the fight against global warming? p. 124

  Denis Rouvre et Médecins du Monde Unsung heroes, Breaking the silence p. 142
  Books   Science to the rescue of universal coverage // The moral of “extreme urgency” in question p. 159

Summary – Issue N°11

  Christophe Buffet

Humanitarian aid workers and the challenge of climate change

p. 1

Focus: Climate change: Understanding, anticipating, adapting

  Guillaume Devars, Julien Fouilland, François Grünewald, Thuy-Binh Nguyen et Julie Mayans

Anticipating uncertainty, preparing for the unknown: humanitarian actors in the face of issues linked to climate change

p. 10
  Runa Khan, Marc Elvinger et William Lebedel

For the climate, end the distinction between humanitarian aid and development aid

p. 24
  Marie-Noëlle Reboulet

From carbon offsetting to climate solidarity

p. 34
  Bruno Jochum, François Delfosse, Maria Guevara, Léo L. Tremblay, Carol Devine

Choices at the time of the climate emergency

p. 44
  Audrey Sala

How to take care of humankind at +2°C?

p. 64
  Arjun Claire et Jérôme Élie

The difficult legal consideration of climate migrants

p. 76


  Manon Radosta


What does the future have in store for humanitarian aid logistics?

p. 90


  Michel Maietta

The geopolitics of homophobia

p. 104


Agnès Varraine-Leca

Yemen: living with bombs and landmines

p. 116


  Totally Brax /Books   p. 134

Summary – Issue N°10

  Boris Martin

Cities: a new humanitarian field

p. 1
  Interview with

J. Adelman

“1919 was ‘year zero’ for internationalism”

p. 8
  M. Neuman

Médecins Sans Frontières-France: tensions arising from the “Migration” projects

p. 22

Focus: The urban bomb: Which impact for humanitarian workers?

  E. Matteudi

Humanitarianism at the heart of tomorrow’s urban challenges

p. 38
  R. Colombier

A development NGO faced with a major emergency in an urban environment

p. 48
  L. Thaller, I. Silver

A virtuous circle of collaboration for an efficient urban humanitarian response: Kampala

p. 59
  E. Bossennec

The “Officials of 40 Street” in N’Djamena: a phenomenon outside the humanitarian field

p. 70
  C. Silva, L. Molfino, A. González, A. Malm

Overcoming barriers for treating people who use drugs in an urban setting

p. 79
  P. Cortés Ferrández

Resilience as a protection strategy in informal settlements

p. 89
  Diego R. F. Otegui

Can gangs play a role in providing relief?

p. 98
  J. Antouly

Urban warfare: a challenge for humanitarian law and action

p. 108
  G. Carbonnier

Revisiting the Nexus: numbers, principles and the issue of social change

p. 120
  M. Bouchon Innovating humanitarian practices through socio-anthropological research p. 136
  D. Alalouf-Hall “The Kamaishi miracle”: lessons learned from the 2011 tsunami in Japan p. 148
  P. Brunet “What have we lost along the way?” p. 164
Reportage Collectif Item Collectif item is an eye-opener p. 172
  Totally Brax /Books   p. 182

Summary – Issue N°9



  C. Egger About the critical junctures in humanitarian history p. 1


  M.-L. Desgrandchamps Biafra: at the heart of postcolonial humanitarian ambiguities p. 8
  Interview with P. Micheletti and

B.-G. David

“The portrayal of humanitarianism has, to say the least, dramatically changed in 50 years” p. 20

Focus: 1968-2018: Breakdown and continuities

  D. Mclean


Humanitarian implications of a re-assertion of State sovereignty p. 38
  P. Laissus-Benoist


The endless restructuring of the humanitarian sector: an inappropriate search for performance? p. 52
  F. Grünewald


Aid workers and the uprooted: chronic of a parallel evolution p. 63
  O. Gómez


Sovereignty as responsibility in East Asia’s response to crises p. 78
  M. Gerbier-Aublanc


The “hybridisation of humanitarianism”: ordinary citizens in French migrant camps p. 90


  R. Kent The future of humanitarianism p. 104


  A. Lefébure


The socio-economic integration of refugees involves recognising know-how, qualifications and skills p. 122


  K. Mansour, J.-B. Richardier & A. Donini


The United Against Inhumanity initiative p. 134
  Totally Brax   p. 157
  Livres Com’passionLives in waitingA Guinean jigsaw puzzleA humanitarian lifeSyria by ReyMosul in the time of the Islamic StateSocial commitment for dummiesMemory of a without borders p. 158

Summary – Issue N°8



  D. Tan

P. Gallien


New technologies put to the test of humanitarian ethics p. 5
  N. Lemay-Hébert,

A. Martel

P. Robitaille


Haiti: tensions between aid relief and development in the health sector p. 18
Focus: The rise of new technologies: Utility, misuse and meaning
  E. Jané,

G. Foutry

S. Sanou


The use of digital tools at large scale: lessons from a health programme in Burkina Faso p. 40
  Le Roch, Dennefeld, Antoine, de Roquemaurel, Bureau et Ait-Aissa


The arbitration required between possibilities of new technologies and usefulness for populations p. 53
  N. A. Raymond et D. P. Scarnecchia


At the era of “humanitarian digitisation”, lifting the veil of newness p. 64
  M. de France

N.-F. Eissen


Fostering good practices in the use of information and communications technologies p. 73
  M. Hofman


Humanitarian drones: useful tool, toxic image p. 88
  A. Boinet

B. Miribel


The Challenges of the new French Humanitarian strategy p. 102
  J. Alejandro


“The biggest area in which blockchain can help promote human rights is digital identity” p. 118
  Entretien avec



An eye on the world p. 132
  Totally Brax Une brève histoire de l’humanitaire p. 161
  Livres The voice of the milieu p. 162
  “Within French diversity, I wanted to address Muslim humanitarian aid”    
      Going against the flow    
      Brauman: the maverick renegade of humanitarian aid    

To download the summary in a PDF version please click here.

Summary – Issue N°7

  Boris Martin Squaring the circle p. 3
  Michiel Hofman Humanitarians in the age of counter terrorism: rejected by rebels, co-opted by States p. 12
  Tarik Kadir The Rohingya refugee crisis: forgotten then, forgotten now p. 26
Focus : NGOs and the private sector: The State as an arbitrator?”
  Jessica Fleurinor and Caroline Putman Cramer The ICRC and partnerships with the private sector: evolution and ethical considerations p. 38
  Pierre Boris N’nde Refugees wedged between corporate malfunctions and the lack of State involvement: the example of a cash programme in Cameroon p. 50
  Interview with

Patrice Paoli

“What’s important, is the mission and that everyone be inspired by common guidelines” p. 64
  Joël Le Corre Social Impact Bonds or the pyromaniac State p. 73
  Interview with

Jan Egeland

“We should be as ambitious in protection of the civilians as we have become in assistance” p. 88
  Julien Potet Snakebites in Africa: a humanitarian and political fight p. 101
  MAPS The MAPS’s Collective p. 110
  Totally Brax Crazy Guidelines p. 125
   Books “NGOs. De-politicization of the resistance to neoliberalism? A developing countries Perspective” p. 126
From Lesbos to Calais: How Europe creates encampments p. 130

To download the summary in a PDF version please click here.

Summary – Issue N°5


  Virginie Troit

Jean-François Mattei-

The challenges of humanitarian transition in Africa p. 3


  Arjun Claire Humanitarian aid as a deterrent in Greece p. 14
  Franck Esnée

Michaël Neuman

Sheltering, hosting or receiving refugees: the unresolved ambiguities of the La Linière refugee camp p. 30

Focus : Afrique: entre ombre et lumière

  Serge Michailof Sub-Saharan Africa: worrying clouds on the horizon p. 46
  Sadio Ba Gning

Kelly Poulet

Senegal: The difficulty for NGOs to gain independence from the State p. 61
  Christiane Rafidinarivo The impact of international proceedings for bypassing the State: the example of Madagascar p. 74


  Arnaud Dandoy The ethics of care versus humanitarian exceptionalism p. 88


  Sandra Calligaro Afghan Stories : Waiting for Hope p. 100


  Totally Brax   p. 115
  Film “Barbarity is well shared : no religion exerts a monopoly over it”, interview with Jonathan Littell p. 116
  Books Chronicle of a genocide p. 121
  Development aid in 350 words p. 130
  In times of remote-control war p. 131
  Is humanitarianism on the decline? p. 139
  A guide to fight against health inequalities p. 144

To download the summary in a PDF version please click here.

Summary – Issue N°4

  Nathalie Herlemont-Zoritchak Regaining a sense of the humanitarian imperative p. 3
  François Frison-Roche Yemen: a conflict behind closed doors p. 12
  Lucile Grosjean Yemen: the challenge of maintaining a humanitarian access p. 17
Focus: Syria: the future in limbo
  Entretien avec Laure Stephan, Jean-Hervé Bradol et Matthieu Rey Crossing glances on Syria p. 36
  Dr Kamel Mohanna Impacts of the Syrian crisis in Lebanon: civil society as a vector of solidarity p. 64
  Peter Harling

Alex Simon

Rosalie Berthier

The aid regime to Syria: a failed localisation p. 70
  Sami Aoun Syria: will diplomacy put an end to the massacre? p. 82
  Entretien avec Stephen O’Brien “We need unconditional, unimpeded and sustained access to every single vulnerable person in Syria” p. 94
  Gwenaëlle Luc-Menichelli Challenges and dilemmas in the implementation of ethical standards in humanitarian programmes p. 104
  Diana Volonakis

Susana Borda Carulla

Children as agents of social and political change for water protection advocacy in post-conflict Colombia p. 120
  Agnès Varraine-Leca Seeing Syria again p. 132
  Totally Brax Silence p. 145
  Books Humanitarian economics. War, disaster and the global aid market p. 146
  Idealism beyond borders. The French revolutionary left and the rise of humanitarianism, 1954-1988 p. 151

To download the summary in a PDF version please click here.

Summary – Third Issue

  Serge Breysse

Jean-Baptiste Richardier

Forced migrations: a necessary humaneness     p. 3


  Antonio Donini World Humanitarian summit: a lost opportunity? p. 14
  Marc Poncin Engaging with National authorities: Médecins sans Frontières’s experience in Guinea during the Ebola epidemic   p. 28
Focus : Forced migration : A global challenge


  Angelique Muller

Michael Neuman

MSF in Grande-Synthe: lessons from an unlikely coalition of actors p. 42
  Idil Atak

Yvan Conoir


“The priority for states must be to save lives” p. 52
  Marie Alice Torré

Thierry Benlahsen


Refugees and displaced persons in Nigeria and Myanmar: rethinking the synergy p. 71
  Achille Valéry Mengo


Refugees and displaced persons in Cameroon: the silent Hydra p. 80
  Paul Chiron Environmental migrations: future prospects p. 88


  Michel Maietta The European refugee crisis: forecasting for 2018 p. 98




  Virginie Troit


Humanitarian ethics and international relations: contradictions or (re)conciliations? p. 112




  Verena Richardier A look at NGOs in China p. 132


  Malika Aït-Mohamed Parent Corruption: a challenge that doesn’t escape the humanitarian sector p. 148


  Laurence Geai Neither safe nor sound: unaccompanied children in the North of France p. 158


    Totally Brax p. 172
  Barbara Hendricks Tribune: Greece is an example of solidarity for Europe!  

To download the summary in a PDF version please click here.