Category Archives: Transitions (VEN)

Distorted representation of the Other, neglected modernity and truncated partnerships: why humanitarian advocacy must be decolonised

F. Sennesael

François Sennesael University of Oxford (United Kingdom)

The call for decolonisation of many areas of social life is increasingly being heard in the international aid sector. For the author, one of the workstreams should concern the advocacy which, according to him and with strong arguments, remains rooted in the system of representation of the Other forged at the beginning of the 20th century. Read the article

Aid localisation: current state of the debate and potential impacts of the Covid-19 crisis

M. Vielajus

J.-M. Bonis-Charancle

Martin Vielajus et Jean-Martial Bonis-Charancle • Consultants et enseignants à Sciences Po et à l’Université Paris-Descartes

Could the debate about localising aid and actually putting it into practice undergo an unexpected resurgence due to the global health crisis? Either way, the Covid-19 crisis is an opportunity to review this idea, as the two authors of this article did just before the outbreak of the current pandemic. Read the article

Lessons in localisation: the Fondation de France’s experiences in Nepal and in Indonesia

K. Meaux

H. Sunarta

C. Umam

P. Verbruggen

 Karine Meaux et Haryanti Sunarta • Fondation de France

Chaerul Umam • Bina Desa

Patrick Verbruggen • Triangle Génération Humanitaire

At a time when local actors’ capacities are progressively gaining recognition in the field of international aid(1)The Grand Bargain’s second commitment, established in the wake of the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul in 2016, pledged “More support and funding tools for local and national responders”. Coordination Sud, Localisation de l’aide. Plus de proximité permet-il d’assurer une meilleure autonomie des projets ?, novembre 2019., what lessons has the Fondation de France drawn from its twenty years of experience in giving priority to these local actors? In this article, we provide a comparative analysis of two recent experiences, from Nepal and Indonesia, in order to better understand current trends and meet the challenges that they represent.

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1. The Grand Bargain’s second commitment, established in the wake of the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul in 2016, pledged “More support and funding tools for local and national responders”. Coordination Sud, Localisation de l’aide. Plus de proximité permet-il d’assurer une meilleure autonomie des projets ?, novembre 2019.

The geopolitics of homophobia

M. Maietta

Michel Maietta • Senior research fellow at Iris (Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques)

Homophobia, understood as discrimination of all kinds against LGBT people (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender), is still too widely used for internal policy purposes, when it is not part of an international strategy. Michel Maietta describes the grip of homophobia as a (geo)political priority against which it is important to reaffirm that the rights of LGBT people are human rights. Read the article

What does the future have in store for humanitarian aid logistics?

M. Radosta

Manon RadostaRéseau Logistique Humanitaire (RLH)

Often neglected, or at least “accessorized”, logistics is nevertheless essential to the success of humanitarian missions. Not to mention that it represents 60 to 80% of their costs. Based on this observation, and the need to optimise operations traditionally conducted in isolation while also integrating climate issues, eleven international NGOs have reflected on what the logistics of tomorrow could be. A single guiding theme: mutualisation. Read the article

Revisiting the Nexus: numbers, principles and the issue of social change

Gilles Carbonnier • ICRC vice-president and Professor of Economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva)

G. Carbonnier

Might the concept of social change enable us to work towards a better synergy between the current actors in the development-humanitarian aid-conflict prevention Nexus? This is the hypothesis of the economist Gilles Carbonnier, based on the flow of resources to recipient countries of humanitarian aid. Read the article

The future of humanitarianism

Dr Randolph Kent • Director of the Futures Project, Royal United Services Institute (London)

R. Kent

Going back over 50 years of history in order to consider the future of humanitarianism. Randolph Kent takes up the challenge, pointing out the structural flaws of the system so that it can face up to the stark challenges that, according to the author, are on the horizon. Read the article

The challenges of the new French Humanitarian strategy

Alain Boinet • Fondateur de Solidarités International

Benoît Miribel • Directeur général de la fondation Mérieux

A. Boinet

B. Miribel

For Alain Boinet and Benoît Miribel, the National Humanitarian Conference which took place on March 22nd in Paris represented a qualitative and quantitative leap forward for French humanitarian aid. The new French Humanitarian Strategy was particularly awaited.

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“We should be as ambitious in protection of civilians as we have become in assistance”

Interview with Jan Egeland • Secretary General of the NGO Norwegian Refugee Council

J. Egeland

Former United Nations Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Jan Egeland is Secretary General of the NGO Norwegian Refugee Council. Last January, he gave us an interview during which he reviewed the current major humanitarian issues.

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From resilience to localisation, or how slogans are not enough for an in-depth reform of the humanitarian sector

Perrine Laissus-Benoist et Benoît Lallau • Économistes, Université Lille 1

P. Laisssus-Benoist

B. Lallau

At regular intervals, a new slogan echoes around the humanitarian sector, with unifying virtues that are supposed to embody its reform. Yet fads pass, and often the poor integration of innovations and new technologies is deplored. What must we conclude? The two authors undertake here a critical exercise, starting from resilience, and apprehending the implementation of the relatively recent, but promising, concept of localisation.  Read the article