Category Archives: Africa: Between shadow and light

Sub-Saharan Africa: worrying clouds on the horizon

Serge Michailof • Chercheur associé à l’IRIS (Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques)

S. Michailof

Having long been condemned to pessimism, Africa has unquestionably picked itself up, confronting considerable challenges – such as the recent Ebola crisis –, displaying encouraging economic growth and exporting its numerous talents. On the threshold of the 21st century, a wave of Afro-optimism gradually developed. Did we go too far, too quickly down this road? This is the theory of Serge Michailof, economist, former top level manager at the World Bank and the French Development Agency (AFD), venturing a parallel with Afghanistan, another “humanitarian land” in the 1980s. Tending more towards Afro-realism, the author invites us to take stock of the perils which the continent will have to face, as well as the means it has at it disposal to overcome them.

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Senegal: The difficulty for NGOs to gain independence from the State

Sadio Ba Gning et Kelly Poulet • Docteures en sociologie

S. Ba Gning

K. Poulet

Taking the example of Congad, the Council of Non-Governmental Organisations for Development Support in Senegal, two young researchers help us to understand the difficulties that African NGOs encounter in trying to gain independence from the State.

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The impact of international proceedings for bypassing the State: the example of Madagascar

Christiane Rafidinarivo • Sciences Po Paris/Institut d’Études politiques de Madagascar/Université de La Réunion

C. Rafidinarivo

Madagascar was severely hit by a protracted political and diplomatic crisis triggered by the 2009 military coup. The transitional government, in power until 2014, was unable to prevent the State from being bypassed and its humanitarian sovereignty from being transferred to international actors. This has done nothing to improve the situation of a country which is among the world’s Least Advanced, ranked the third most vulnerable to climate hazards, behind Bangladesh and India (and the first in Africa) and the second most food-insecure in 2014. Christiane Rafidinarivo explains the mechanisms put in place by these actors between 2009 and 2014, and which are still applied today. She provides a comparative analysis in order to draw political and diplomatic lessons for African countries…

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