Category Archives: Demography: Figures and ills

World demographic prospects: between certainties and uncertainties

G. Pison

Gilles Pison • Chercheur associé à l’Institut national d’études démographiques (Ined), rédacteur en chef de la revue Population et Sociétés

To open this “Focus”, Gilles Pison offers us an overall vision based on past developments to help us to better understand those to come. While the world’s population should continue to rise to reach 8 billion by 2023, its growth rate is decreasing. It should continue to regress until the world’s population virtually stabilises at some 11 billion people within a century. One major demographic change expected is Africa’s exploding population, which could quadruple to reach more than 4 billion in 2100. Continue reading

Demographics in the service of Universal Health Coverage: examples in West Africa

V. Ridde

E. Bonnet

K. Kadio

S. Louart

M. de Allegri


Valéry Ridde • Population and Development Centre (CEPED)
Emmanuel Bonnet • Unité Mixte Internationale Résiliences
Kadidiatou Kadio • Institute for Health Science Research (IRSS, Burkina Faso)
Sarah Louart • University of Lille (France)
Manuela De Allegri • Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (Germany)

Health interventions typically favour pregnant women and children under 5 years of age. A prism that does not take into account other ever-growing vulnerable populations: the indigents and the elderly. The authors demonstrate here how the proper use of tools and demographic data would provide more relevant targeting.
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Demographic transition in the Mediterranean: between rising risks and the necessary adaptations of humanitarian practices

E. Matteudi

Emmanuel Matteudi • Professeur des universités, Université Aix-Marseille

The Mediterranean is at the centre of the humanitarian attention as a place of deadly migrations, practically a cemetery whose ignominy is constantly denounced by NGOs. But it is also the cradle of a civilisation and of populations which, on its shores, will have to face the stakes of the demographic transition. Continue reading

Cameroon: reception areas for displaced people, between socio-demographic reconfiguration and managing Persons with Specific Needs

J. Lémouogué

E. J. Fofiri Nzossie

J. L. Kahou Nzouyem

Joséphine Lémouogué • Enseignante-chercheure à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

Éric Joël Fofiri Nzossie • Enseignant à l’université de Ngaoundéré (Cameroun)

Jasmine Laurelle Kahou Nzouyem • Doctorante à l’université de Dschang (Cameroun)

This article builds on the results of two studies: one carried out in the Far North region on the demographics of the people displaced by the Boko Haram crisis, and the other carried out in the East region on care for Persons with Specific Needs (PWSN) displaced by the crisis in the Central African Republic. It explains how a sound grasp of demographic data can help to improve our understanding of humanitarian challenges and provide guidance for informed decision making. Continue reading