Interview with Isabelle Defourny – Operations Director at the Operational centre of Paris,
Médecins Sans Frontières
In 2016, the Operations Department commissioned a critical review of the operations carried out between 2015 and 2016 in Borno State by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in the north-east of Nigeria. In response, and with the help of Épicentre, Judith Soussan and Fabrice Weissman from CRASH produced a detailed historical account of the analyses made of the situation by the teams, capital and headquarters at the time, as well as the objectives they set themselves, the actions they undertook, the obstacles they encountered and the results they achieved. As part of this project, some of the directors and operations managers who had been involved in these operations took a retrospective look at their own practices: were they late in responding to the catastrophic situation in the IDP camps in rural areas and on the outskirts of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, in 2016 and, if so, why? What conclusions can be drawn a posteriori about the operational choices made and the effectiveness of MSF intervention strategies? And, to take things a step further, what does this experience teach us about how MSF functions and how our teams work? Continue reading
As a follow-up to our eight issue on new technologies, Anastasia Kyriacou offers us a reflection on the place of the human being in humanitarian 2.0. Even if the article praises the potential of digital technology, it reveals a healthy questioning.
By Bertrand Bréqueville – Programme Manager, Doctors of the World
After spending several years working in the field with Action against Hunger (Albania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Haiti, etc.), Bertrand joined Doctors of the World/Médecins du Monde (MdM) in 2009. He is currently in charge of the operational steering of projects in the Central African Republic, in Ethiopia and Uganda.
Does the pragmatism of some hide an alignment with neo-liberal doctrine and the “healthy and critical distance from the private for-profit sector” of others guarantee the survival of militant humanitarian action? Continue reading
Patrick Segal • Patrick Segal – writer, left paraplegic after an accident, former French government Interministerial Delegate for People with Disabilities
Jean-Baptiste Richardier • physician, co-founder of Humanitarian Alternatives
Editor’s note: the opinions expressed in this article solely reflect the authors’ views
All pictures : © Jean-Baptiste Richardier
U.S. President Donald Trump’s recent decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital is widely perceived by the international community as the U.S. giving up on the two-State solution. In this international context leading to a possible new escalation of violence, and to shed light on this decision we publish Patrick Segal and Jean-Baptiste Richardier’s impressions, following their visit to Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory in June 2005. Twelve years later, their views on the chances of a lasting peace perspective remain strikingly relevant.
©Photo by Andrés Gerlotti on Unsplash
As a result of her article on aid for refugees in Ecuador – which will be featured in the forthcoming issue of the review – Lucie Laplace, a Ph.D. student in political science at the Université Lumière Lyon 2 (France) and research associate at FLACSO-Ecuador (Quito), sought to develop her analysis of the fate of Venezuelan migrants in the country, and in Latin America more widely in Latin America.
Marc Poncin, MSF coordinator for the Ebola emergency in Guinea from April to December 2014, presently a researcher at the Unité de Recherche sur les Enjeux et Pratiques Humanitaires (UREPH), MSF Operational Center in Geneva, wishes to respond to the article by Dr. Aboubacar Sidiki Diakité « Ebola in Guinea : strengths and weaknesses brought to the fore », published in our inaugural issue.