Category Archives: Issue 13 – March 2020

Summary – Issue N°13

Editorial    
  Boris Martin Sophie Zaccaria The impact of generational change on humanitarian aid p. 1
Perspectives
  Diane Alalouf-Hall

François Audet

Haiti: understanding
 the underwhelming appraisal of the international humanitarian efforts p. 6
Focus : Generations: Break point or fresh start?
  Étienne Baudon Finding the proper balance between generations p. 16
  Éric Gazeau From enchantment to questioning: the changing face of humanitarian commitment p. 25
  Amélia Houmaïri-Romy

Vincent Taillandier

Should the “new young humanitarians” hack the system? p. 35
  William Empson, Cécile Pétriat Stefano Manfredi Integration, inclusion, induction: how Médecins Sans Frontières welcomes new generations p. 47
  Stéphanie Tchiombiano Training future generations of international aid professionals: challenges and discussion topics p. 59
Transitions      
  Karine Meaux, Haryanti Sunarta, Chaerul Umam Patrick Verbruggen Lessons in localisation: the Fondation de France’s experiences in Nepal and in Indonesia p. 72
Innovations      
  Valéry Ridde, Solange Dabiré, Christian Dagenais Use of research by NGOs: a call for reflection and action p. 86
  Amador Gomez, Pascal Revault, Pawankumar Patil Operational research and malnutrition: state of knowledge and food for thought p. 102
Tribune    

   
  Fabrice Weissman Should Médecins Sans Frontières join the fight against global warming? p. 124
Reportage    

   
  Denis Rouvre et Médecins du Monde Unsung heroes, Breaking the silence p. 142
Culture
  Books   Science to the rescue of universal coverage // The moral of “extreme urgency” in question p. 159

The moral of “extreme urgency” in question

Droit et stratégies de l’action humanitaire Patrick Aeberhard et Pierre-Olivier Chaumet (dir.) Éditions Mare & Martin, 2019

Publisher’s note

This book is the result of the meeting between humanitarian field actors and legal practitioners from the Law Faculty at Paris 8 University. Physicians, journalists, lawyers, politicians and soldiers met at this university, which has the reputation of being very “avant-garde”, in order to debate the concept of access to victims, here and abroad. Their original goal was to contribute to the development of key points begun by French and international medical NGOs. These new rights, recognised over the course of several years, enabled the transition from the right to intervene to the right of access to victims (1988), ultimately resulting in the United Nations’ Responsibility to Protect (2005). Nevertheless, this international humanitarian law must continue to evolve in order to become more efficient. NGOs are largely responsible for this evolution.

Translated from the French by Juliet Powys

Science to the rescue of universal coverage

Évaluation des interventions de santé mondiale – Méthodes avancées Valéry Ridde et Christian Dagenais (dir.) Éditions science et bien commun et Éditions IRD, 2019

Publisher’s note

Universal health coverage by 2030 for every human being, from the West to the Global South? Achieving this sustainable development goal, which is as ambitious as it is necessary, will require exceptional political will, but also solid and convincing data on how to accomplish it, especially in terms of the most effective global health interventions. Proper evaluation of these interventions is therefore a key challenge. It will not be enough to simply measure their efficiency: we need to understand why they work (or don’t), how, and in what conditions. This collective publication, which brings together contributions from 39 authors from different countries and disciplines, aims to present a clear, accessible, French-language compendium of approaches and advanced evaluation methods for interventions (qualitative, quantitative, and mixed), in order to study the evaluability, durability, processes, fidelity, efficiency, fairness and effectiveness of complex interventions. Each method is presented in a chapter by means of a real-life case study in order to facilitate the transmission of this precious knowledge.

The book is available to read at the following address: https://scienceetbiencommun.pressbooks.pub/evalsantemondiale

Translated from the French by Juliet Powys

Unsung heroes, Breaking the silence

D. Rouvre

Unsung Heroes is a joint endeavour undertaken by Denis Rouvre and Médecins du Monde. This photography project “arose from the desire shared with Médecins du Monde to bear witness to the violence in the world as experienced by women” as the photographer said. “For eight months in nine countries worldwide, over one hundred women put their trust in me and accepted my presence behind the microphone, behind the lens. Despite the language barrier, cultural codes, and personal trials, these women have told their story. They have broken the silence with courage and sincerity. With tears, too, a harrowing emotion. All of them posed openly and mindfully, prepared and supported by the NGO. You are not the same after these kinds of encounters. The direct and tangible reality far exceeded the idea in my head. It was a real shock, from the very first portraits in Bulgaria. Meeting women from the Roma community doomed to marry and have children when they are teenagers in the filthy surroundings of a ghetto. Violence and extreme poverty. Moral violence, experienced by displaced Syrian and Palestinian women. Sexual violence carried out on women in the Congo and Colombia. Domestic violence, gang rapes, brutality. Not excluding our European capitals, where women who are abused, exploited, and facing precarity come up against rejection and hate. For thirty years, I have photographed many women who are putting on a front. They are looking for a controlled, smooth image from me that goes without a hitch. Here, with the unsung heroes I met, shadows are coming into the light. Bruises and cracks on the surface of the skin, in the hollows of the eyes. The voices, words, and authentic tone of the personal experience of violence are being expressed. Recounting the specific suffering experienced by women. As well as the strength of being a woman. The ability to pick yourself up and keep on fighting.” Continue reading

Should Médecins Sans Frontières join the fight against global warming?

F. Weissman

Fabrice Weissman • Centre de réflexion sur l’action et les savoirs humanitaires (CRASH/MSF)

Our issue on climate change has clearly fuelled the debate within the Médecins Sans Frontières movement. Following an article co-written by members of the Swiss and Canadian sections, Fabrice Weissman presents a critical analysis of the arguments put forward by his colleagues. An analysis that could be useful to the entire movement, and to the humanitarian community as a whole. Continue reading

Use of research by NGOs: a call for reflection and action

V. Ridde

S. Dabiré

C. Dagenais

Valéry Ridde • Centre Population et Développement, IRD, France

Solange Dabiré • AGIR, Burkina Faso

Christian Dagenais • Université de Montréal, Canada

The authors stress the importance of taking research findings into account for NGO interventions, and identify the technical and political challenges this presents. They put forward several approaches favorable to taking research into account, while explaining that knowledge and initiatives are still lacking in this area. This article provides a brief outline of the current state of affairs and puts forward the idea of an issue of Humanitarian Alternatives with a focus on knowledge transfer by NGOs, to be published in 2021. Continue reading

Operational research and malnutrition: state of knowledge and food for thought

A. Gomez

P. Revault

P. Patil

Amador Gomez, Pascal Revault, Pawankumar Patil • Action contre la Faim

Many NGOs have already responded to the requirement of linking action and research. For instance, since 2016, Action Against Hunger has been holding a conference to take stock of these mutual insights and advances in malnutrition. Here, the three authors summarise the latest event held last November. Continue reading

Lessons in localisation: the Fondation de France’s experiences in Nepal and in Indonesia

K. Meaux

H. Sunarta

C. Umam

P. Verbruggen

 Karine Meaux et Haryanti Sunarta • Fondation de France

Chaerul Umam • Bina Desa

Patrick Verbruggen • Triangle Génération Humanitaire

At a time when local actors’ capacities are progressively gaining recognition in the field of international aid(1)The Grand Bargain’s second commitment, established in the wake of the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul in 2016, pledged “More support and funding tools for local and national responders”. Coordination Sud, Localisation de l’aide. Plus de proximité permet-il d’assurer une meilleure autonomie des projets ?, novembre 2019., what lessons has the Fondation de France drawn from its twenty years of experience in giving priority to these local actors? In this article, we provide a comparative analysis of two recent experiences, from Nepal and Indonesia, in order to better understand current trends and meet the challenges that they represent.

Continue reading

References
1 The Grand Bargain’s second commitment, established in the wake of the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul in 2016, pledged “More support and funding tools for local and national responders”. Coordination Sud, Localisation de l’aide. Plus de proximité permet-il d’assurer une meilleure autonomie des projets ?, novembre 2019.

Finding the proper balance between generations

E.Baudon

Étienne Baudon • Action contre la Faim

It seemed fitting to us to give voice to a young employee of an NGO when we developed the theme of “generational changes”. It is an effective way to get to know and better understand how members of the younger generation have come to characterise humanitarian aid, and to identify the points they share and do not share with their elders – and to reflect on what the all generations can create together. Continue reading

From enchantment to questioning: the changing face of humanitarian commitment

É. Gazeau

Éric Gazeau • Directeur général de Résonances Humanitaires

Founded in 2002 to assist former international aid workers with their social and professional reintegration, Résonances Humanitaires has become a valuable observatory over the years. In this article, its co-founder, Eric Gazeau, shares his vision and analysis of the changing profiles of successive generations of humanitarian personnel and the evolution in their humanitarian commitments. Continue reading