Issue 20 – July 2022

Associative freedoms at risk: the test of strenght


Extension of the “anti-associative counter-revolution”: diagnosis, challenges, solutions.

Par Philippe Ryfman - Restrictions on freedom of association are a too often neglected marker of the shift of a political regime towards authoritarianism, or even dictatorship. Russia is a case in point. [Lire la suite]


Russian civil society put to the test by the invasion of Ukraine

By Anne Le Huérou and Aude Merlin Does Russian civil society still exist since the invasion of Ukraine? After a look back at the conditions of its emergence in post-Soviet Russia, the authors go back over the progressive rise of repressive measures since the beginning of the Putin years. They show how the invasion of Ukraine is a kind of paroxysm, whilst highlighting the persistence of anti-establishment practices and describing the reorganisation taking place.[Read more]

From Geneva to Moscow: opposite poles of the freedom of association spectrum

By Kouassi Aimé Malanhoua Freedom of association is conceived, practised and defended in very different ways by States around the world. Here, Kouassi Aimé Malanhoua attempts to present the widest possible spectrum which, spanning Geneva to Moscow, reveals all the nuances of a freedom under threat. [Read more]

The double bind facing civil society organisations: the Swiss example

By Vivianne Châtel What is happening in Switzerland, the birthplace of the International Committee of the Red Cross and a stronghold of international organisations and non-governmental organisations alike? The author calls our attention to a case which – in the shadow of the debate on the influence of companies and the neo-liberal model – could well mark an offensive against the rights of civil society organisations. [Read more]

State-association relations: an authoritarian shift in contemporary France?

By Antonio Delfini and Julien Talpin In France, relations between the State and the nonprofit sector have often been stormy – a sign of a healthy democratic system. However, here the authors explain that, for some years now, an arsenal of legislation and administrative practices has been undermining the foundations of this system of checks and balances. And risks threatening the rights of associations.[Read more]

Support under control of civil society actors: the case of French and European international solidarity organisations

By Roxane Grisard and Vincent Pradier A fast-growing sector subject to severe constraints. This is the paradox in which civil society organisations in France and more broadly in Europe are struggling. The authors provide us with the keys to understanding a phenomenon which, according to them, is the sign of a reconfiguration. [Read more]

Civil society under siege in Turkey: authoritarianism, polarisation and counterstrategies

By Ülker Sözen Turkey is, like Russia, a striking illustration of the shrinking of civic space as a result of authoritarian policies. The author paints a picture of the trends and practices at work in this strategic country from all points of view while underlining the internal dynamics and incredible courage of Turkish civil society. [Read more]


Taliban policies are a nightmare; so are economic warfare and starvation

By Norah Niland Is it moral to deprive Afghans of their State’s sovereign wealth on the grounds that the Taliban took control of the country on 15 August 2021? Without ignoring the dramatic effects of Taliban policy, the author answers unambiguously that it is the responsibility of the international community to allow access to these funds on which the survival of millions of people depends. [Read more]


Afghanistan: eternal turmoil

By Sandra Calligaro At the age of 25, having studied art and photography at Université Paris 8, Sandra Calligaro travelled to Kabul to fulfil her teenage dream of becoming a war correspondent. Having gone for a month, she ended up spending nearly a decade there. [Read more]


Totally Brax : The return of the Brax


The story of a humanitarian rescue - The distinctive feature of this book is that it is written from the perspective of the victims, the author being a Holocaust survivor. As a child, she miraculously escaped from the Warsaw ghetto where she had been confined with her family. She settled in France after World War II, where she completed her schooling, went on to higher education and became an orthodontist. At the same time, she had always set her heart on sharing her experiences and writing about other aspects of this genocide. [Read more]




A French doctor’s story - As a young doctor in the late 1960s, Patrick Aeberhard set out for Biafra, driven by the desire to change the world. With his colleagues, he helped to establish the first major humanitarian NGO, Doctors without Borders, and later, Doctors of the World. His life then became a series of adventures (rescue missions, airlifts, building makeshift hospitals etc.) from Lebanon to Vietnam, via Afghanistan, the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. [Read more]




A story of humanism - Too often labelled as simply being French, Czech or Chinese, engineer or peasant, educated or illiterate, an individual is above all his/her own multi-faceted self, belonging to several communities and not just one. In a very free manner but enriched by countless references to cross-cultural literature, this book recounts the personal experiences of its two authors, one from the world of business and the other from the world of humanitarian aid. [Read more]




Gillian Eaton • Rozenn Guennou • Fay Guerry • Alan Johnson • Juliet Powys • Benjamin Richardier • Derek Scoins

Correction fo the French version:

Cécile Leonett

Correction of the English version:

A.D.T. International

Acknowledgements for their voluntary contribution to this issue:

Brax • Marie-Sophie Montant & La Revue nouvelle

Conception :

In medias res


Imprimerie Brailly – Saint-Genis-Laval

ISSN : 2492-7120